Spain Political States
Table of Contents
- Population: 46,733,038 (As of March 2020)
- Capital: Madrid
- Language: Spanish
- Bordering Countries: France, Portugal, Andorra
- Land Area: 192,656 square miles (498,980 sq km) 
- Coastline: 3084 miles (4,964 km)
- Highest Point: Pico del Teide (Tenerife)
- Latitude & Longitude: 40.4637 Degrees North, 3.7492 Degrees West
Spain is a country rich in cultural and natural history. This is reflected in it’s 48 registered UNESCO World Heritage Sites . There are currently 42 cultural sites across the country, 4 natural sites, and two mixed sites. We have listed some of the main UNESCO sites below:
- Works of Antonio Gaudi (1984, 2005)
- Historic City of Toledo (1986)
- Poblet Monastery (1991)
- Roman Walls of Lugo (2000)
- Vizcaya Bridge (2006)
- Tower of Hercules (2009)
- Antequera Dolmens Site (2016)
- Donana National Park (2005)
- Teide National Park
- Pyrenees – Mont Perdu (1999)
The main UNESCO sites offer a brilliant mix of historic architecture, religious history, and a look into the ancient Roman past of Spain.
Spain is an important hub between Africa, Europe, and the Americas. It has an extensive array of major ports, including commercial ports at Barcelona, Bilbao, Santander, and Cadiz. In addition to this, Spain has an excellent network of railways, roads, and air routes.
Rail Network – Spain has two main railway carriers – RENFE, and FEVE. Total length of Spanish railways is currently estimated at 14,781km of track. In addition to standard gauge railway, there is also a High Speed Rail line offering quick transfers between Madrid, Seville, Lleida, and barcelona.
Road Systems – There is generally a quality road network in Spain consisting of Total Roads, Expressways, Autopistas, and Autovias. The majority of roads in Spain are maintained by the government as part of the general Roads Directorate.
Famous Tourist Attractions
Spain is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Europe. The favorable year-round weather makes it an ideal location for those wanting to relax and soak up the Mediterranean sun. Moreover, Spain is a country with a rich cultural heritage with many influences. The following are some of the popular sites and attractions you can find on the Spain political map :
- Works of Antoni Gaudi in Barcelona (La Sagrada Familia etc.)
- The Great Mosque of Cordoba
- Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao
- Santiago de Compostela Cathedral
- Beaches of Costa del Sol
- White Towns of Andalucia
- Balearic Islands
- Canary Islands
The Balearic Islands and Canary Islands are some of the best locations to relax and rejuvenate. With beautiful beaches and great facilities for tourists, they are ideal for a quiet week in the sun. Alternatively, historic cities like Barcelona, Madrid, Seville, and Bilbao are fantastic locations for city breaks where you can explore the history and culture of this country.
Until 2002, the official Spanish currency was the Peseta. This was succeeded by the Euro. The Euro is a currency used throughout the European Union. One Euro is the main unit of currency; the minor unit is the cent – 100 cents = 1 Euro.
Currently, there are eight Euro coins, and seven Euro banknotes. As Spain uses the Euro, it’s bank rates are set by the ECB (European Central Bank). Aside from this, the Central Bank of Spain controls the management and distribution of currency in the country .
Political System & Economy
Spain is officially a Monarchy but has a central government formed by the Prime Minister and Ministers. The Prime Minister is elected by the Congress of the Deputies. They then select a team of ministers to run the Council of Ministers and general functions of the government. All laws and fundamental processes are based on the Spanish Constitution which was ratified in 1978.
In terms of administrative divisions, Spain is split primarily into Autonomous communities or the States of Spain. There are 17 communities including Catalonia, Valencia, Murcia, and Galicia. The autonomous communities report to the government, but also have a range of devolved powers.
Spain has an impressive economy and is part of the European Union. It currently ranks 13th in terms of GDP. In addition to this, its economy is classed as capitalist-mixed, and it is the 6th largest in Europe. Its citizens live in a high income economy and have high standards of human development. Spain’s main industries include:
- Machine tools
- Metal Manufacturers
- Ship Building
Spain is actually the third-largest country in Europe . Over 40% of the country is covered by what is known as the Meseta Plateau. This plateau is predominantly hilly and has an abundance of highlands. The different highlands are split by the Cordillera Central mountain range. Only when reaching the border of Portugal does the Meseta slope and form lower-lying land. Other distinct regions include:
- Cordillera Betica Mountains
- Sierra Nevada Mountains
- Andalusian Plain
- Ebro River Basin
In northern Spain, the Pyrenees form a hard border with France. Within these mountains lie the small country of Andorra, and the Basque Region. To the south, Spain juts out towards the northern coast of Africa, culminating at the British owned Rock of Gibraltar.
There are no clear regions in Spain however, we can give 5 general distinct areas. The Canary Islands, The Balearic Islands, central Spain, northern Spain and the Pyrenees, and Southern Spain.
Spain is located in south west Europe. It borders to the north with France, and to the east of Portugal. The eastern coast of Spain lies in the Mediterranean Sea.
Spain is famous for many things - Paella (the national dish), Football, Siestas, Ibiza, Flamenco Dancing, and its beautiful beaches, for example. People usually associate Spain with fine weather and fine food.
The actual distance between these two major cities is 505km. In terms of transport, a road journey takes approximately 6 hours. Alternatively, a rail journey takes 2 hours 30 minutes.